Billings Farm & Museum
Modern dairying began around 1850 and its development since then has been driven in large part by engineers who invented specialized equipment, such as the continuous centrifugal cream separator (1878), automatic bottle filler and capper (1886), and commercial pasteurizing machines (1895). Frederick Billings, a native Vermonter who made a fortune during the 1849 Gold Rush, established a farm in 1871 with the goal of making it a model dairy operation. In 1884, he hired George Aitken, an innovative and successful professional farm manager, and by 1890, the year Billings died, the farm was producing 5,000 pounds of butter annually.
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Activity Type:Trips and Destinations
Discipline:Agricultural & Biological, Other
Grade:K-2, 3-5, 6-8, 9-12
Fun Fact:Before devoting himself full-time to dairy farming, Frederick Billings was head of the Northern Pacific Railroad and was responsible for its successful transcontinental completion. The city of Billings, Montana, founded in 1882 as a Northern Pacific Railroad rail hub, is named for him---but he never actually lived there.